Trier — Germany’s Oldest City

Trier is a significant city. Located in south-west Germany, merely 10 km (6 mi) from the Luxembourg border and 193 km (120 mi) south-west of Frankfurt, it makes a convenient — and very worthwhile — day trip from Cologne or Frankfurt.

Trier is Germany’s oldest city as, in 2,000 B.C. the Assyrians established a settlement here. This Roman colony was founded in the command of Augustus in 16 B.C. and subsequently became a preferred dwelling of several Roman emperors and ultimately became known as “the second Rome.”

Subsequently, it got the popularity as a foremost hub of Constantine the Great, the first Christian Roman king. He even established the oldest church here in the year 326, the Trier Cathedral (Trierer Dom).

The city lies in a basin stuck connecting squat vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz), close to the German boundary with Luxembourg and within the significant Mosel-Saar-Ruwer wine-growing region. (They have soooo good wine there, I’m telling you!)

Subsequent to the destruction of the city by the tribes in the 5th century, this great city was reduced to a small town. It still feels amiably small today, notwithstanding its flourishing population of 100,000 people.

It’s marketplace square (Hauptmarkt) is one of the largely enjoyable in Germany, filled with fruit stands, flowers, painted façades, and fountains. Even catholic pilgrims trip to here in massive figures to pay tribute to the work of art of the Holy Robe in the Benedictine church only named for him.

This harmless and charming city on the Moselle River offers you a mesmerizing amalgamation of antique history and the conveniences of a modern city with an amazingly miscellaneous cultural activities calendar.

Selected as World Cultural Heritage Site by the United Nations, it has a dazzling compilation of archaeological sites and monuments dating back over 2,000 years. You can ascend a brilliantly preserved Roman city gate (the Porta Nigra), look at the former Roman Imperial Baths, and pay attention to a concert in the largest surviving single-room structure from Roman times.

Other admired attractions consist of the 1700-year-old cathedral, the oldest Gothic church in Germany called Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche), Karl Marx’s birthplace, and the Roman Archaeological Museum (Landesmuseum).

For leisure, there are scores of proceedings all through the summer, together with the multi-day Altstadtfest with live music and performances, the International Organ Music Festival, and live theater and music in the Tuchfabrik.

For the reason of its location in the Moselle river valley, it furthermore offers tremendous opportunities for open-air activities, such as a hike up to the Mariensäule for a sight from above the city, or a bike ride along the river to quaint towns and vineyards.

Trier is moreover a provincial executive center, a key destination for shopping in the area, and the center for the famed Moselle river wine industry.

By the way, the city consists of an admirable metropolitan bus system which brings you to literally everywhere.

(I told you about their wine, didn’t I? :o))

 

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