Weimar has been a popular spot of pilgrimage for the German intelligentsia from the time when Goethe first moved to Weimar in the late 18th century. Due to the drafting of the nation’s constitution here, in German history, the era from 1919–1933 is usually termed as the Weimar Republic.
The town was chosen because at that very time, Berlin was in the turmoil and facing street rioting after the 1918 German Revolution.
At some stage in World War II, a concentration camp was set up near Weimar. It was selected as a European Capital of Culture for 1999 by the European Council of Ministers.
Being the center of attraction in entire Europe, the city has more than a few places to lure the tourists. The Herderkirche, to be found right in Old Town, is a trendy site and contains some vitals past articles. The three-panelled Cranach altarpiece is its most famous art treasures.
The Bauhaus sites in Weimar come in the form of buildings which formed the former art school, the applied arts school and Am Horn house. These are some of the best examples of Art Nouveau architecture in Germany. In 1919, the Weimar State Bauhaus was established in the town under the directorship of Walter Gropius.
Weimar is enclosed by astonishing scenery parks. The vigilantly tended parks and gardens are intimately linked with different eras in the town’s history and reflect their founders’ philosophies. The Goethe’s summer house and the Roman House in the Park on the Ilm represent some remarkable sights.
The Tiefurt Palace is a charming place for strolling in the grounds and admiring the palace. The imperial sepulcher in the historical cemetery and the Russian Orthodox chapel must be visited. The ducal family mausoleum, built in 1827, formed the last resting place for some of the renowned German poet and writer.
The Zwiebelmarkt Fair demonstrates the history of the town. It is held for three days over the second weekend in October. The special setting for Weimar’s Christmas market, offered by the festively enlightened old quarter and the German National Theater on Theaterplatz, makes are incredibly interesting to watch.
The town comprises an incredible collection of museums by way of about 40 diverse sites wrapping almost everything from the Stone Age to classicism to the modern art. The Bauhaus Museum in the Kunsthalle art gallery on Theaterplatz is key among them. Some other sites of supreme importance are Buchenwald and Mittelbau Dora concentration camp memorial.